Kristovich, David A
Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Atmospheric Sciences
Editor-in-Chief, American Meteorological Society Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Address and Contact Information
B.S. Meteorology, Dept. Meteorology and Physical Oceanography, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, 1985.
S.M. Cloud Physics/Meteorology, Dept. Geophys. Sci., The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 1988. Reflectivity profiles and core characteristics along horizontal roll convection in lake-effect snowstorms, 78 pp.
Ph.D. Cloud Physics/Meteorology, Dept. Geophys. Sci., The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1991. The three-dimensional flow fields of boundary layer rolls observed during lake-effect snow storms, 182 pp. Research advisor: Dr. Roscoe R. Braham, Jr.
Academic Employment History
ISWS, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois
- Center / Section Head, Center for Atmos. Sci., Climate & Atmos. Science Section (2007-present)
- Senior Professional Scientist (2001-2007)
- Professional Scientist (1998-2001)
- Associate Professional Scientist (1995-1998)
- Assistant Professional Scientist (1993-1995)
University of Illinois, Department of Atmospheric Sciences
- Adjunct Associate Professor (2000-present)
- Visiting Associate Professor (1998-2000)
Other Academic Appointments
- Graduate Faculty member, University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign (2001-present)
- Faculty of the Environment member, University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign
- Visiting Lecturer, Department of Physics, University of Illinois in Chicago (1992)
- Research Associate, Dept. of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago (1991-1992)
- Graduate Research Assistant, Dept. of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago (1985-1991)
- Graduate Teaching Assistant, Dept. of Geophysical Sci., University of Chicago (Fall 1986, 1987)
Journal Editorial Activities, Reviews, Professional Committees
- Editor-in-Chief, American Meteorological Society Journal of Applied Meteorology & Climatology (2012-present)
- Associate Editor, National Weather Digest, National Weather Association (2005-2012)
- Editor, American Meteorological Society Jour. of Applied Meteorol. & Climatol. (2001-2011)
- Associate Editor, American Meteorological Society Monthly Weather Review (2001)
- Member, American Meteorological Soc. Comm. on Boundary Layers & Turbulence (2006-2008)
Workshops and Panels
- Invited presenter, Airborne Doppler Radar Data Analysis Workshop. Atmospheric Technology Div., National Center for Atmos. Research. (2000)
- Organizer, Workshop on Lake-ICE and Snowband projects. Illinois State Water Survey. (1999)
- Panel Member, Boundary Layer Section, Workshop on the Midwest Collaborative Regional Climate Center, Argonne National Laboratory. (1999)
- Participant, Cooperative Atmosphere Surface Exchange Study (CASES) Workshop. (1995)
- Panel Member, Workshop on Cloud Microphysics and Radar, American Meteor. Society. (1990)
- Reviewed proposals to the National Science Foundation (several programs), NCAR Atmos. Tech. Div., DOE Atmos. Radiation Meas. (ARM) Program, and Univ. Illinois Research Board.
- Conducted “red team” review of proposal at Argonne National Laboratory
- Reviewed manuscripts submitted to the Applied Meteor., Monthly Weather Rev., Bulletin of the Amer. Meteor. Soc., Weather and Forecasting, J. Geophysical Research, Geophysical Research Letters, Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, J. Hydrology, International J. Climatology, and National Weather Digest.
My research falls within the intersections of the fields of boundary layer meteorology, mesoscale meteorology, and cloud/precipitation microphysics. My overall interest is in understanding how local variations in the earth's surface alter low-level atmospheric flow fields and, ultimately, change larger-scale weather conditions. Much of my work has been on weather and climate in the Great Lakes region. My research group has collected and analyzed field data taken in and around wintertime lake-effect snow storms, upslope and cap clouds in the Rocky Mountains, and over the ocean west of Ireland. We have conducted collaborative studies using mesoscale numerical models. Other areas of interest include lake- and sea-breezes, near-shore thunderstorms, and urban circulations. These weather phenomena are often complicated by cloud microphysical processes, particularly when thunderstorms or snowstorms develop. Understanding interactions between boundary layers, mesoscale circulations, and precipitation processes, is an area of intense current research in the atmospheric sciences community.
Graduate students in my research group have the opportunity to work with field data collected by instrumented aircraft, operational and research radars, rawinsondes, and other observational systems. We are in the process of purchasing a lidar system called the University of Illinois AtmosPheric Lidar System (UI-APLS), which will also provide opportunities for graduate students. Often, my students participate in the collection of data by participating in major field experiments and in collaborative efforts with scientists from other universities and research organizations. I expect my students to actively participate in the identification of important research questions and development of methods to address them. Ultimately, students are expected to present their research results not only in their theses, but also in journal publications, conferences, and seminars.
Much of the weather that affects a community is controlled by local atmospheric winds (mesoscale circulations) and by interactions between the atmosphere and the earth's surface within the lowest portions of the atmosphere (the atmospheric boundary layer). Indeed, predicted changes in climate, or climate variability, will largely be experienced by the public through changes in the surface conditions and changes in the frequency and intensity of mesoscale storm systems. The Boundary Layer and Mesoscale Meteorology group is involved in a wide range of studies in these areas, focusing on both basic scientific research and efforts on specific applied areas.
The research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training (COMET), the University of Illinois, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. See references in references for specific grant information.
Some recent areas of study include:
- Lake-effect snow storm field research
- Climate change and lake-effect snows
- Forecasting thunderstorm interactions with the Great Lakes
- Urban influences on mesoscale systems
- Atmospheric responses to variable surfaces
Some recent or upcoming field projects include:
· AgI Seeding Cloud Impact Investigation (ASCII), Co-PI, Wyoming (2012)
· The Ontario Winter Lake-effect Systems (OWLeS) project, Co-PI., Lake Ontario (2013-2014)
Hiscox, A., J. Wang, and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2019: When Stable Isn’t Stable: Exploring the Variability of the Nocturnal Boundary Layer in the SAVANT field campaign. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., proposal accepted.
Linares, A., C. H. Wu, A. J. Bechle, E. J. Anderson, and D. A. R. Kristovich, 2019: Unexpected rip currents induced by a meteotsunami. Nature Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-38716-2.
Kristovich, D.A., E. Takle, G.S. Young, and A. Sharma, 2018: 100 Years of Progress in Mesoscale Planetary Boundary Layer Meteorological Research. Meteorological Monographs, 59, 19.1–19.41, https://doi.org/10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0023.1
Kristovich, D. A., L. Bard, L. Stoecker, and B. Geerts, 2018: Influence of Lake Erie on a Lake Ontario lake-effect snow storm. J. Appl. Climatol. Meteorol., 57, 2019-2033.
Sharma, A., A.F. Hamlet, H.J.S. Fernando, C.E. Catlett, D.E. Horton, V.R. Kotamarthi, D.A.R. Kristovich, A. Packman, J.L. Tank, and D.J. Wuebbles, 2018: The need for an integrated land-lake-atmospheric modeling system for the Great Lakes. Earth’s Future, 6(10), 1366-1379. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018EF000870.
Kristovich, D. A., 2017. Lake Climates. The International Encyclopedia of Geography. 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0887
Kristovich, D.A.R., R. Clark, J. Frame, B. Geerts, K. Knupp, K. Kosiba, N. Laird, J. Minder, N. Metz, T. Sikora, J. Steenburgh, S. Steiger, J. Wurman, G. Young, 2017: The Ontario Winter Lake-Effect Systems Field Campaign: Scientific and Educational Adventures to Further Our Knowledge and Prediction of Lake-Effect Storms. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 315-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00034.1.
Bechle, A. J., C. H. Wu, D. A. R. Kristovich, E. J. Anderson, D. J. Schwab, and A. B. Rabinovich, 2016: Meteotsunamis in the Laurentian Great Lakes: An Overlooked Hazard. Nature Sci. Rep., 6, 37832. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep37832.
Geerts, B., B. Pokharel, and D. A. R. Kristovich, 2015: Blowing Snow as a Natural Glaciogenic Cloud Seeding Mechanism. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 5017–5033. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0241.1
Xu, X., T. Zhao, F. Liu, S. L. Gong, D. Kristovich, C. Lu, Y. Guo, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, and G. Ding, 2016: Climate modulation of the Tibetan Plateau on haze in China. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1365-1375. doi:10.5194/acpd-15-28915-2015.
Bechle, A. J., D. A. R. Kristovich, and C. H. Wu, 2015: Meteotsunami occurrences and causes in Lake Michigan. J. Geophys. Resch. – Oceans, 120, 8422-8438. doi:10.1002/2015JC011317
Bard, L. and D.A.R. Kristovich, 2012: Trend Reversal in Lake Michigan Contribution to Snowfall. J. Appl. Meteor. and Climatol., 51, 2038–2046. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-12-064.1
Workoff, T. E., D.A.R. Kristovich, N. F. Laird, R. LaPlante, and D. Leins, 2012: A climatological analysis of deep convective interaction with the Lake Erie marine boundary layer. Wea. Forecasting. 27, 1279-1289.
Kunkel, K.E., D.R. Easterling, D.A.R. Kristovich, B. Gleason, L. Stoecker, and R. Smith, 2012: Meteorological causes of the secular variations in observed extreme precipitation events for the conterminous United States. J. Hydrometeor. 13, 1131-1141.
Keeler, J. M., and D. A. R. Kristovich, 2012: Observations of Urban Heat Island Influence on Lake-Breeze Frontal Movement. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 51, 702–710.
Markus, M., D. J. Wuebbles, X.-Z. Liang, K. Hayhoe, and D. A. R. Kristovich, 2012: Diagnostic analysis of future climate scenarios applied to urban flooding in the Chicago metropolitan area. Climatic Change. 11, 879-902. DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0172-z.
Barthold, F. E., and D. A. R. Kristovich, 2011: Observations of the cross-lake cloud and snow evolution in a lake-effect snow event. Mon. Wea. Rev. 139, 2386-2398.
Kunkel, K.E., D. R. Easterling, D.A.R. Kristovich, B. Gleason, L. Stoecker, and R. Smith, 2010: Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones. Geophysical Research Letters. 37, L24706, doi:10.1029/2010GL045164.
Kristovich, D. A. R., 2009: Climate Sensitivity of Great Lakes – Generated Weather Systems. In Climatology, Variability, and Change in the Midwest, S. C. Pryor, Editor. Indiana University Press, 236-250.
Kristovich, D. A. R., and K. E. Kunkel, 2009: Overview: Climate Hazards. In Climatology, Variability, and Change in the Midwest, S. C. Pryor, Editor. Indiana University Press, 219-224.
Westcott, N. E., and D. A. R. Kristovich, 2009: A climatology and case study of continental cold season dense fogs associated with low clouds. J. Appl. Meteor. and Climatol., 48, 2201-2214.
Gerbush, M. R., D. A. R. Kristovich, and N. F. Laird, 2008: Mesoscale Boundary Layer and Heat Flux Variations over Pack Ice-Covered Lake Erie. J. Appl. Meteor. and Climatol., 47, 668-682.
Rodriguez, Y., D. A. R. Kristovich, and M. R. Hjelmfelt, 2007: Lake-to-Lake Cloud Bands: Frequencies and Locations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 4202-4213.
Schroeder, J.J., D.A.R. Kristovich, and M.R. Hjelmfelt, 2006: Boundary layer and microphysical influences of natural cloud seeding on a lake-effect snow storm. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 1842-1858. (Featured in the "Papers of Note" section, Bull. of the Amer. Meteorol. Soc., Sept. 2006)
Kristovich, D.A.R., and M. L. Spinar, 2005: Diurnal variations in lake-effect precipitation near the western Great Lakes. J. Hydrometeorology, 6, 210-218.
Current Wang, J. and Kristovich, 2015, University of Illinois Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research Equipment grant, University of Illinois AtmosPheric Lidar System (UI-APLS). (2014-2015)
Current Kristovich, University of Illinois Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, National Great Rivers Research and Education Center Challenge Grant Program, Riverside Urban-Produced Extreme Rainfall (RUPER). (2014-2015)
Current Kristovich, Clark, Sikora, Young, Laird, and Metz, National Science Foundation Physical and Dynamic Meteor. Prog., Collaborative Research: Ontario Winter Lake-effect Systems-Surface and Atmospheric Influences on Lake-effect Convection (OWLeS-SAIL). (2013-2016)
Previous Kristovich, University of Illinois Research Board. Investigation of the Climatic Reversal in Lake-Effect Snows near Lake Michigan. Named a Arnold O. Beckman Award for “special distinction, special promise, or special resource value”. (2011-2012)
Previous Kristovich, National Science Foundation Physical & Mesoscale Meteorol. Prog. Collaborative Research: Multi-Scale Study of Lake Breezes and the Impact of Marine Boundary Layers on Convection in the Great Lakes Region. Collaborative with Laird, Hobart and William Smith Colleges. (2007-2012)
Previous Kunkel, Easterling, and Kristovich, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Office of Global Programs, Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Heavy Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States. (2007-2012)
Previous Geerts, Rasmussen, Breed, Friedrich, Deshler, and Kristovich, National Science Foundation Physical & Mesoscale Meteorol. Prog. AgI Seeding Cloud Impact Investigation (ASCII). (2012, funded through Univ. Wyoming).
Previous Kristovich, Laplante, and Leins, Cooperative Prog. for Operational Meteorol., Educ., and Training (COMET), Partners Project. Variations in Thunderstorm Interactions with Lake Erie. (2009-2012)
Previous Kristovich, Czapar, and Markus, National Great Rivers Research & Educ. Center. Internship: Effects of Climate Change on Increased Rainfall Intensity and Nutrient Loss. (Summer 2011)
Previous Kristovich, Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant Development Prog. Pilot field observations of Lake Michigan atmospheric boundary layers. (2010-2011)
Previous Kristovich and Caughey, Illinois State Toll Highway Auth., Atmospheric Deposition of Roadway Deicing Material: Part B. Collaborative with Tao, Univ. Maryland. (2007-2010)
Previous Kristovich, National Science Foundation, Mesoscale Dynamic Meteorology Program, Collaborative Research: Effects of Non-Uniform Surface Conditions on Lake-Effect Systems. Collaborative with Hjelmfelt, South Dakota School of Mines and Tech., and Laird, Hobart and William Smith Colleges. (2005-2010)
Previous Kristovich, and Laird, National Science Foundation, Mesoscale Dynamic Meteorol. Prog., Collaborative Research: Investigations of Non-Classic Lake-Effect Boundary Layer Processes. Collaborative with Hjelmfelt, South Dakota School of Mines & Tech. (2002-2006)
Previous Kristovich, University of Illinois Research Board, Multiple-Lake Lake-Effect Snowstorms: Frequency of Occurrence and Favorable Environmental Conditions. (2002-2004)
Previous Kristovich, Laird, LaPlante, and Kubina, The Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training (COMET), The influence of the Lake Erie lake breeze on thunderstorm initialization. (2001-2003)
Previous Kristovich, National Science Foundation, Mesoscale Dynamic Meteorology Program, Investigations of Mesoscale Boundary Layer Structures Observed during the Lake-Induced Convection Experiment (Lake-ICE). Collaborative with Hjelmfelt, South Dakota School of Mines and Tech. (1999-2003)
Previous Kristovich, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Supercomputer support for NSF projects on lake-effect snow storms. (1996-2010)
Previous Kristovich, National Science Foundation, Mesoscale Dynamic Meteorology Program, Convective Rolls and Cells in Lake-effect Snowstorms: Structures, Mechanisms, and Effects. Collaborative with Hjelmfelt, South Dakota School of Mines and Tech. (1996-2000)
Previous Kristovich, University of Illinois Research Board, Investigations of mesoscale circulations in Lake-ICE. (1999-2000)
Previous Kristovich, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Estimation of Lake-Effect Snowfall Rates from New Observational Facilities. (1995-1998)
Previous Kristovich, National Science Foundation, Mesoscale Dynamic Meteorology Prog., Lake-Effect Boundary Layer Processes. Collab. with Braham, North Carolina State Univ. (1993-1996)
Previous Kristovich, University of Illinois Research Board, Radar Investigations of Lifetimes of Lake-Effect Convection. (1993-1994)